1 food sb/sth usually eats
good, healthful (AmE), healthy, nutritious, sensible
balanced, varied, well-balanced

People can fight infection more easily if they have an adequate diet.

bad, poor, unhealthy

a staple diet of cornmeal and vegetables

vegan, vegetarian
American, Mediterranean, Western, etc.
consume, eat, have

It is important to eat a balanced diet.

live on, survive on

They had to survive on a diet of insects and berries.

feed sb, feed sb on, keep sb on

She was told to change her diet and quit smoking.

consist of sth, contain sth

The animal's diet consists mainly of grasses.

in a/the diet

the amount of fat in your diet

on a diet

These animals live on a mainly vegetarian diet.

diet of

They were fed on a diet of rice and vegetables.

a diet high in sth, a diet rich in sth

a diet rich in vitamins and minerals

2 when you want to lose weight/are ill
weight-loss, weight-reducing
crash, starvation

Crash diets are not the best way to lose weight.

calorie-controlled (esp. BrE), low-calorie (esp. AmE)
restricted, special
dairy-free, gluten-free, etc.
high-fibre/high-fiber, high-protein, etc.
low-carb, low-fat, etc.
follow, have

If you follow this diet, you're bound to lose weight.

go on, start
stick to

I have to stick to a low-fat diet.

be on

I'd love a dessert, but I'm on a diet.

drink, food
Coke™, soda (esp. AmE)

Lose pounds with our new diet plan!

on a diet

athletes on a special high-protein diet

Collocations dictionary. 2013.

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